Scientists make huge discovery about human hair

Scientists make huge discovery about human hair

Researchers are hailing a groundbreaking new finding as a major opportunity to totally transform criminal investigations in the future.

A groundbreaking new discovery by scientists could completely revolutionize how criminal forensic investigations are conducted in the future. Many investigations today rely on DNA evidence as the only way to reliably identify an individual, but it’s not always easy to get a DNA sample — fortunately, however, scientists may have just found a way to use human hair as an alternative, which would make a major difference in future criminal investigations.

Scientists have for years been trying to find an alternative to DNA because it is so hard to find DNA markers at crime scenes, and there just isn’t a better way to provide dead-on accurate identification at a crime scene. Now, a new paper by scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and published in the journal PLOS One claims to have done just that, according to a PLOS statement.

They believe that human hair has markers that may be just as accurate. The hair can be analyzed for genetic mutations in the proteins in hair, and this worked even when the hair was 250 years old, showing it doesn’t deteriorate even over a long period of time.

“The researchers were able to examine bioarcheological hair samples from six individuals that were up to 250 years old, demonstrating the robustness of these proteins,” the statement reads. “They analyzed these samples along with hair samples from 76 living humans of European American and African descent. They have found a total of 185 hair protein markers to date, which they estimate would be sufficient to provide a unique pattern for an individual that could distinguish that person among a population of one million.”

It won’t replace DNA analysis overnight, but it’s a huge discovery that could make a major difference on investigations at some point.

“We are in a very similar place with protein-based identification to where DNA profiling was during the early days of its development,” said LLNL chemist Brad Hart, the director of the Lab’s Forensic Science Center and co-author of a paper detailing the work. “This method will be a game-changer for forensics, and while we’ve made a lot of progress toward proving it, there are steps to go before this new technique will be able to reach its full potential.”

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